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In 2021, the U.S. experienced 20-billion-dollar disasters (2nd all time) costing $145 billion (3rd all time). In the last 5 years, the U.S. has experienced $742.1 billion in damages with an annual average of $148.4 billion. (This estimate does not attempt to represent the total cost to the U.S. of weather and climate disaster as only events costing over $1 billion are included). Billion-dollar events account for over 80%, and growing, of the weather and climate damage experienced by the U.S. Further, NOAA calculates disaster costs from various public and private data sources such as Insurance Services Office, FEMA, USDA, state agencies, and more and does not account for health care related losses or values associated with loss of life and are considered conservative estimates of the true cost of extreme weather and climate.


According to the National Climate Assessment, climate change is expected to increase the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events leading experts to project that the number of billion-dollar storms will become more common, damaging, and deadly. Events such as floods, heat waves, and tropical storms are known to be influenced by climate change, however others such as tornadoes it is still uncertain whether climate change is a factor. 

Using the average cost of billion-dollar-events to the United States in the last 5 years, it is estimated that we will continue to see nearly $150 billion worth of damage every year on average due to extreme weather. Thanks to the passage of the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022, we will see significant investments in climate, communities, clean energy, and jobs. These investments will provide much-needed action that helps communities reduce the impacts of extreme weather events.

While it is impossible to predict the precise toll that extreme weather fueled by climate change will exact on Americans in the coming year, $148.4 billion represents our best estimation based on current trends. Billion-dollar weather events occur sporadically throughout the year, many Americans are experiencing environmental trauma daily as they continue to recover from past damage while preparing for impending climate disasters. To represent this omnipresent threat of climate or weather disaster, we will represent the estimated annual cost on a per second basis--$4,705.73/second. 

Projected cost for 2022: $148,400,000,000 or $4,705.73/second


$4,700 is equivalent to 3.5 months of infant childcare 

  • Infant Childcare costs over $1,300 a month per child. [Center for American Progress, 6/28/21]


$4,700 is equivalent to one year tuition at an in-state public community college

  • The average annual cost for attending an in-state public community college is $4,864 [ThinkImpact, accessed 2/3/22]


$4,700 is equivalent to one year of healthcare costs for the average American family

  • 2018: The average American family spent $5,000 on health care. [CNBC, 10/9/19]


$4,700 is equivalent to 2.5 months of rent

  • 2021: average listed rent in the U.S. was $1,877 per month. [CBS, 2/2/22]


$4,700 is equivalent to 2 years of braces

  • Braces cost $4,914 for 2 years for children and $5,091 for adults. [Value Penguin, 1/12/22]


Billion Dollar Events


Using NOAA data on billion dollar disasters reported in the first quarter of 2022 we can estimate the dollars spent on responding to extreme events and the number of lives lost. 

To estimate projected costs from 2022 we will use the average annual costs from 2017-2021 which was projected in the first quarter of 2022 to be: $148.4 billion per year. 

Cost of Inaction Campaign Partners

Alliance of Nurses for Healthy Environments (ANHE)

Change the Chamber*Lobby for Climate

Dream Corps Green For All



Environment America

Michigan Clinicians for Climate Action

National Wildlife Federation (NWF)

Poder Latinx

Sierra Club

Southern Alliance for Clean Energy (SACE)

United Women in Faith

The Cost of Inaction is Real.